Viola raddeana : {Japanese Name : Tati Sumire}
Viola raddeana
Ibaraki / June 4, 2011

Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Totigi / May 18, 2007 alt.=16m
Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Ibaraki / June 4, 2011 alt.=10m
Section Bilobatae W. Becker
Scientific Name Type species Viola raddeana Regel : Tati Sumire Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34(1): 463, 501 (1861)
Variety
Form
Synonym
Origin sacchalinensis : originating in a name of person. cf: G. F. R. J. Radde, 1831-1903 Scientist
Common names 【Chinese】立菫菜, 【Korean】선제비꽃
Stalk Form A flower scape is extended from a stalk, and a flower blooms from each scape.
Habitat It grows in the place which tends to be flooded with a river. A flat and sunny marshland.
Distribution Japan domestic Distributed over reservoirs along the Tone River and a part of Kyushu.
Japan overseas Korea, the China northeast part, the Amur, and the Ussuri district.
Others
Flower Shape Small size.
Color White or light purple. A purple article enters into the labial palp.
Spur Extremely short (about 1 mm).
Season A flower term is late and long (May-June).
Stigma Inverted triangle.
Aromatic There is a document that has a scent (unconfirmed).
Others The calyx is elongated. One flower blooms on each upper axil.
Leaf Shape A long lancet arch or pike form.
Color Both side are green.
Others hairless. The leaves alternate. After flowering, the plant height may grow further and exceed 1 m.
Seed Shape Very small grains. Teardrop shape (bulging oval shape).
Color Grayish brown.
Others t is so small that it doesn't fit the size of the plant.
Characteristics of roots
Endangered Information Ministry of the Environment【ThreatenedII(VU)】, Miyagi:extinction, Totigi:ThreatenedⅠ, Ibaraki:ThreatenedⅠ, Gunma:ThreatenedⅠ, Saitama:ThreatenedⅠ, Chiba:ThreatenedⅠ, Tokyo:extinction, Oita:ThreatenedⅠ, Kagoshima:ThreatenedⅠ
Type Specimen
Chromosomal Number 2n=24
(LEE, Y. N., 1967, Chromosomal Numbers of flowering plants in Korea. J. Korean Res. Inst. Ewha Women's Univ.)
Reference Information
Others

Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Totigi / May 21, 2006
Viola raddeana The stalk was about 20cm.

From now on, it will be extended further.

Compared with the whole plant,

the flower is a little smallish.
Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Totigi / May 21, 2006
Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Totigi / June 1, 2006
The right photograph is cultivated. →



↓ A strong purple petal is also seen.
Viola raddeana
Ibaraki (Tsukuba Botanical Garden) / April 15, 2006

Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Totigi / May 18, 2007 (Endangered species 'Galium tokyoense' looks on the right side)
Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Totigi / June 3, 2007

Burning off a field Burning off a field
Gunma / March 25, 2006
Burning off a field Burning off a field
Ibaraki / January 23, 2011

Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Viola raddeana Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Totigi / July 6, 2008

Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Viola raddeana Viola raddeana
Ibaraki / July 23, 2013

 (2011/01/23) Latest Update 2020/06/20 [915KB]

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