Viola patrinii : {Japanese Name : Siro Sumire}
Viola patrinii
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Nagano / June 15, 2008
Section Patellares (Boissier) Nakai
Scientific Name Type species Viola patrinii Viola patrinii DC.
Variety Viola patrinii var. angustifolia Regel. : {Hosoba Siro Sumire}
Form Viola patrinii f. toyokoroensis Koji Ito : {Toyokoro Sumire}
Synonym Viola patrinii f. hispida W.Becker
Viola primulifolia var. glabra Nakai
Origin patrinii : Originated from a person's name: E. L. M. Patrin, 1742-1814 French plant collector.
Foreign language name 【Chinese】 白花地丁、白花堇菜
Stalk Form The individual leaves and flowering stalks emerge directly from the rootstock.
Habitat It grows wild in the damp prairie. In Chubu District, it is limited to a plateau with an altitude of 1,000m or more.
Distribution Japan domestic The Pacific Ocean side in Hokkaido, Iwate, Chubu District.
V. patrinii var. angustifolia grows wild in Shikoku, Kyushu, and the Chugoku district.
Japan overseas East Asia, North Asia, Siberia, Russia.
Flower Shape Middle size. The whole impression is similar to Viola betonicifolia var. albescens. The center part resembles Viola yezoensis. Hair of the side valve is conspicuous.
Color "Siro" means white in Japanese. A white petal. A purple article is in a side dialect and the labial palp.
Spur It is short and white (ittle green).
Just like Viola acuminata, it has a stripe stuck together from the left and right.
Season Late blooming (May - June).
Stigma Inverse triangle shape. It resembles the shape of a mantis head.
Others Calyx is lanceolate, blunt head. The upper valve tends to gently warp. In rare cases, the side valve has no hair.
Leaf Shape A long, round lancet arch. Long and round lanceolate shape, blunt head. The base is shallow heart shape or truncated. Serration is extremely low.
Leaf blade is shorter than petiole. It tends to stand upright. It has petiole wing just like Viola mandshurica.
Color Generally both sides are green.
Others Rarely there are white fur on the veins. As of Viola betonicifolia var. albescens, leaves are shaped like a halberd.
Seed Shape
Characteristics of roots Brown.
Endangered Information Viola patrinii
Yamagata:ThreatenedⅠ, Fukushima:Near Threatened(NT), Tokyo:ThreatenedⅠ, Aichi:ThreatenedⅠ, Gifu:ThreatenedⅠ
Viola patrinii var. angustifolia
Hyougo:ThreatenedⅡ, Wakayama:ThreatenedⅠ, Hiroshima:ThreatenedⅠ, Yamaguti:ThreatenedⅡ, Tokushima:ThreatenedⅠ, Kouchi:ThreatenedⅠ, Aichi:Near Threatened(NT), Fukuoka:ThreatenedⅠ, Oita:Near Threatened(NT), Saga:Extinct(EX)
Type Specimen Viola patrinii:Siberia., f. toyokoroensis: Lake Tyoubusi
Chromosome Number 2n=24 (Nishikawa, T., 1986, Journal of Hokkaido University of Education : Section IIB)
Reference Information
Others Leucism : Toyokoro Sumire (Originated from a area name in Hokkaido).
Hairless : Viola patrinii f. glabra (Nakai) F. Maekawa (Non-Certified),
Frosted hair : Viola patrinii f. prunellifolia Maxim. (Non-Certified)
Viola patrinii
Viola patrinii
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Nagano / June 1, 2007 alt.=1,620m

Viola patrinii Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
I think that this is a very beautiful violet.
Though it is unsteady in a windy prairie, it rises with a long and slender stalk.
The center of the flower is yellow, and resembles Viola yezoensis.
Nagano / June 2, 2001
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Nagano / June 7, 2003
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Hokkaido . June 3, 2010 alt.=18m
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Viola patrinii Viola patrinii
Viola patrinii
Nagano / June 20, 2010 alt.=1,600-1,700m

 (2001/06/07) Latest Update 2019/07/17 [835KB]

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