Viola chaerophylloides : {Japanese Name : Nanzan Sumire}
Viola chaerophylloides Viola chaerophylloides

Viola chaerophylloides Viola chaerophylloides
Nagasaki / March 11, 2007
Viola chaerophylloides
A flower with strong white
Tokyo / April 8, 2000 Cultivation

Viola chaerophylloides Viola chaerophylloides
This leaf closely resembles Viola eizanensis.
Nagasaki / March 11, 2007

Viola chaerophylloides
Many roots has exposed. Most of roots are extended horizontally.
Nagasaki / March 11, 2007
Section Patellares (Boissier) Nakai
Scientific Name Type species Viola chaerophylloides (Regal) W. Becker : {Nanzan Sumire} Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser. 2, 2: 856 (1902)
Variety Viola chaerophylloides var. sieboldiana (Maxim.) Makino : {Higo Sumire} B. M. T. 19: 87 (1905)
Origin chaerophylloides: Shape is similar with Chaerophyllum.
Common names 【Chinese】南山堇菜、胡堇草、胡堇菜、【Korean】남산제비꽃
Stalk Form The individual leaves and flowering stalks emerge directly from the rootstock.
Habitat Growing in wide environment in the forest.
Distribution Japan domestic Distributing only over Tsushima in Japan.
Japan overseas China, Korean Peninsula, Russia (Siberia).
Flower Shape Medium (a corolla is about 15 - 20mm across). Hair at the base of the side valve.
Color From white to light purplish red.
Spur round.
Season Early.
Stigma Fragrance.
Aromatic Fragrance.
Others Diffused.
Leaf Shape A compound leaf that splits in five. Each lobe is wide.
Color Dark green. There is little difference between the front and back.
Others When expanded, it looks like a regular pentagon.
Seed Shape Fallen egg shape. Medium grain.
Color Dark brown. Seed pillow: shiny light brown white.
Characteristics of roots
Endangered Information
Type Specimen 南山 (남산), Namsan in Korea
Chromosomal Number 2n=24
(LEE, Y. N., 1967, Chromosomal Numbers of flowering plants in Korea. J. Korean Res. Inst. Ewha Women's Univ.)
Reference Information

Viola chaerophylloides
Chiba / June 10, 2006 Cultivation

 (2010/12/20) Latest Update 2021/08/19 [100KB]

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